Kaziranga National Park: Know All Details At One Place!

one horned rhinoceros in Kaziranga national park
One-horned Rhinoceros

Kaziranga National Park is a well-known park in India. So, where is Kaziranga National Park located in India map? It is between the districts of Golaghat and Nagaon in the state of Assam. The Park is on the side of the Brahmaputra River. UNESCO has said that it is a world heritage site. It takes up about 430 sq km of land. Two-thirds of the world’s one-horned rhinoceroses live in the Park. The latest census was done in March 2015 by the Forest Department of Assam. It showed that there are 2,401 rhinos in Kaziranga National Park, of which 1,651 are adults, 294 are sub-adults, 251 are young, and 205 are cubs. The department worked with recognized wildlife NGOs on an operation to protect wildlife.

Again where is Kaziranga National Park located? Or where is Kaziranga National Park situated? It is present in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. Kaziranga was made a Tiger Reserve in 2006 because it had more tigers than any other protected area in the world. A lot of elephants, swamp deer, and wild water buffalo also live and breed in the Park. It is also known by Birdlife International as a place where many different bird species can be protected.

Kaziranga is a huge park with a lot of tall elephant grass, thick tropical broadleaf forests, and marshland. The Kaziranga is crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra River. There are also a few small bodies of water in the Park. It was set up as a reserve forest in 1905, and its 100th birthday was celebrated in 2005.

History Of Kaziranga National Park:

Before the second half of the 18th century, most of the area around Kaziranga National Park was not developed. It was known for having a lot of wildlife, malaria, small disasters, and sudden changes in the path of the Brahmaputra River. The Kaziranga area was first talked about in writing in the early modern era.
Some people think that the area got its name from Karbi, a woman who used to be the leader of the area. As tea demand grew in Assam, the area’s forests were slowly cut down to make room for new towns and plantations.

At the time, people in the area practiced slash-and-burn farming, while the British set up permanent colonies just to grow tea. The history of Kaziranga National Park can be traced back to the early 1900s. Mary Curzon, who was married to the Lord, took the lead. The one-horned rhino was supposed to be one of the most important things about this area, but she didn’t see a single one during her whole trip.

When she heard the news, it made her sad, so she asked her husband, the Viceroy of India, to help. In 1905, the Reserve Forest was set up by the government. The Reserve Park, which was 232 square kilometers, was made into the National Park, which is 430 square kilometers. Kaziranga has changed so much that it is now Tanzania’s most popular tourist destination. This is because it has grown so much. Kaziranga is a great place to go on a safari because every step brings something new.

Kaziranga as a National park:

When India gained its independence in 1947, the Park changed its name from Reserve Forest to Kaziranga National park. In 1950, the Park was created. Kaziranga National Park was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. There were multiple floods that inundated at least 70% of the Park. The Park, however, was re-established with the support of officials and people, and it is now thriving.

There is now a safe haven for all of the Park’s animal residents in the Park. The Kaziranga Elephant Festival is an annual event. The presence of this national Park in Assam has had a significant impact on the state’s economy.

Wildlife inside Kaziranga:

water buffalo in kaziranga national park
water buffalo

Explore the mammals in Kaziranga National Park

There are many kinds of mammals in the National Park. Some of the rare mammal species here are what make the wildlife here so well-known.

One-horned rhinoceros– Everyone knows Kaziranga National Park is famous for its one-horned Rhinoceros. In the National Park, there are many different kinds of mammals. Some of the rare species of mammals here are what make the wildlife here so famous.
Wild Buffalo– This mammal is the tallest animal in North America. It can grow up to seven feet tall. Asia and Africa are where most of its people live.
Eastern mole– This animal is native to America, but you can find it here.
Pangolin- This species is the most traded animal, so this national Park is trying to keep it safe.
Assamese macaque- An animal that lives in Assam and will soon be gone.
Rhesus macaque: Kaziranga is taking care of another type of Old World monkey that will soon go extinct.
Chinese ferret badge– It is also about being in danger and isn’t found in many places.
Hog badger- Another name for the endangered species of Red-legged frog is “hog badger.” It is rare to see these species, but you can enjoy seeing them here.
Large Indian civet and small Indian civet– The IUCN Red List has put their name on it.
Ganges and Indus river dolphin– Is one of Kaziranga’s most endangered water animals.

The Indian elephant, the royal Bengal tiger, the Indian wild boar, the hog deer, the swamp deer, the Sambar, the barking deer, the Indian gaur, the White-browed gibbon, the leaf monkey, the sloth bear, the porcupine, the leopard (another extinct mammal), the Asiatic black bear, the fishing cat, the jungle cat, the Indian grey mongoose, the small Indian mongoose, the Bengal There are some animals that are endangered all over the world that are protected here. This place is worth a visit because it has so many different things to see.

Explore the crawly creatures: The reptiles

Snakes- Kaziranga is a place where people who like these slimy creatures can find each other. You are sure to feel both scared and excited with all the different snakes they have. Some of the animals that live here are the common kukri snake, checkered keelback water snake, Black krait, Bengal cobra, banded krait, common or long-nosed vine snake, copperhead trinket snake, rock python, reticulated python, common krait, king cobra, pit vipers, rat snake, and striped keelback.
Lizards: Assam greyish-brown gecko, common Bengal monitor, Assam greyish-brown gecko, light-olive Assam garden lizard, Assam olive-brown skink, common Indian skink, Indian water monitor, ticticky house gecko, dotted garden skink, and tuck to gecko are all types of lizards that live in Kaziranga National Park India.
Turtles and Tortoises: Indian black turtle, keeled box turtle, Malaysian box turtle, Gangetic or Indian softshell turtle, Indian eyed turtle, Indian peacock softshell turtle, Indian flap shell turtle, narrow-headed softshell turtle, spotted pond turtle, Indian roofed turtle, Indian tent turtle, Assam roofed turtle, brown roofed turtle, brown hill tortoise, and Oldham’s leaf turtle.
Crocodiles: The only living species in the family Gavialidae is the gharial, which is also called the Indian gavial or gavial. The snouts of these crocodiles are long and skinny. It is another endangered reptile whose name is on the Red list of the IUCN. Mugger crocodiles and saltwater crocodiles are two other kinds of crocodiles that live in this area. It is the longest crocodile that has ever lived.


Flora of Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga’s wide range of plants brings in millions of tourists from all over the world every year. The floodplains of the River Brahmaputra are all around the national Park. These floodplains help feed the most important plants, animals, and bird species in this area. It is called a “Hotspot of Biodiversity” in India because it has so many different kinds of species, and they are all over the place.

Kaziranga National Park has three main types of plants: grasslands on alluvial plains, which have both tall elephant grass and short grasses, tropical wet forests, and semi-evergreen forests. Kaziranga’s beautiful plants are made even more beautiful by the variety of beautiful flowers. So, aquatic plants like lotus, water lilies, and water hyacinth create a beautiful atmosphere. There are also some types of climbing plants that make the Park look better.
In 1986, a survey of Kaziranga’s plants found that 4 percent of the area was swampland, 6 percent was sand, 8 percent was rivers and other bodies of water, 11 percent was short grass, and 29 percent was an open jungle, and 41 percent was tall elephant grass.

So, where is Kaziranga National Park? Kaziranga is known as the place where there are the most one-horned rhinoceroses in the world. It is present in Assam. It also has the most tigers of any place in the world, which is why it was made a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The Park is home to a lot of animals, including 35 species of mammals, 15 of which are on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species.

There are a lot of elephants, wild Asian water buffalo, and swamp deer in the Park. Gaur and Sambar live in Kaziranga’s dry, tropical, deciduous forest, which is home to a lot of trees. Fishing Cats, Leopards, Jungle Cats, Small Indian Mongooses, Gray Mangooses, Hispid Hares, Golden Jackals, Bengal Foxes, Sloth Bears, Civets, Chinese Pangolins, Indian Pangolins, etc. are also known to live in the Park.

Birdlife International says that Kaziranga park is one of the most important places to protect bird species. There are 479 different kinds of migratory and resident birds. Twenty-five of them are globally threatened, and twenty-one is locally threatened. Kaziranga National Park has been developed a lot more than other protected areas in India.
The Park is also a safe place for 42 species of reptiles, including the Assam roofed turtle and the gharial, which are almost extinct. The floodplain of the River Brahmaputra is a safe place for the endangered Ganges Dolphins.

The climate of Kaziranga National Park

In Kaziranga National Park, summer, the monsoon, and winter are the three main times of the year. Kaziranga’s summer lasts from February to May. In the dry, windy summer in Kaziranga Assam National Park, the temperature can range from 7°C to 37°C.

This area’s monsoon is hot and humid and lasts from June to September. Kaziranga gets about 2,220 mm of rain when the southwest monsoon comes. People say that the mid-valley of the Brahmaputra is one of the wettest places in the world. When the River Brahmaputra overflows, it causes floods in the Kaziranga National Park. These floods keep the Park’s ecosystem in balance. But during the monsoon, you can get to the Park.
From November to January, Kaziranga has winter, when the temperature ranges from 5°C to 25°C. Kaziranga stays warm and dry during the winter.

Best Season to Visit Kaziranga National Park

Between November and April is the best time to visit Kaziranga National Park.

How to reach Kaziranga National Park Assam:

You should remember that Kaziranga National Park is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India.

By air: Kaziranga can be reached by plane from two different airports. One is the city of Guwahati, which is 217 km away and is more convenient. The other one is in Jorhat, which is about 97 km away. You can pick the way that works best for you.
By train: The closest train station to Kaziranga is in Furkating, which is about 57 km away. This is the most convenient and cheap way to get around. Trains are a great way to get around that isn’t too expensive for most people.
By road: The gate to your Kaziranga is in Kohara, which is on NH-37. It is near a few cafes and a market. This is for tourists to get something to eat before going into the Park. There are several bus options from Kohara to Guwahati and Tezpur. This is another way to travel that is comfortable. Before you look at the beauty, you can eat and shop.

FAQs: Kaziranga National Park

kaziranga national park

Why Kaziranga National Park Is Famous?

Kaziranga is thought to be one of the best places in the world to protect wildlife. The Indian one-horned Rhinoceros was almost extinct at the turn of the 20th century, but the Park saved it and now has the largest population of this species. This is a great conservation achievement.

What Is The Best Time To Visit Kaziranga?

From November to April is the best time to visit Kaziranga. The region’s winter starts in November and lasts until February. It is mild and dry, with an average high of 25 °C (77 °F) and a low of 5 °C (41 °F).

Which Animal Is Protected In Kaziranga National Park?

In 2006, the Kaziranga National Park was named a Tiger Reserve. Large groups of wild water buffalo, elephants, and swamp deer live and breed in the Park.

Is Kaziranga National Park Famous For Elephant?

Kaziranga National Park is known for having a large number of rhinos, elephants, tigers, and elephants. It is also known as an important birdlife area by Birdlife International for protecting many different species of birds.

Can We Stay Inside Kaziranga National Park?

Tourists can find the best places to stay near the Kohora and Bagori zones of Kaziranga National Park. Some of these are government-run lodges, and others are private accommodations and camps.

Which River Flows In Kaziranga National Park?

Kaziranga National Park is a beautiful natural area in the north-central part of the Indian state of Assam. It is about 100 km (60 miles) west of Jorhat, on the main road to Guwahati, on the south bank of the Brahmaputra River.

Is Kaziranga Safari Safe?

Yes, Kaziranga national park safari is very safe.

Is Kaziranga Worth Visiting?

Kaziranga National Park in Assam is the best place in the world to see wildlife because it has so many different kinds of plants and animals.

Can You See Tigers In Kaziranga?

According to the All India Tiger estimate for 2018, there are 159 tigers in Assam. Of these, 104 are in Kaziranga, 31 are in Manas, 21 are in Orang, and three are in Nameri. In 2021, the number of tigers was expected to rise to 200. As of phase IV tiger monitoring in 2020, there are 121 tigers in Kaziranga and 48 in Manas.


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