Classification of State Bird of Maharashtra
|Yellow-footed green pigeon
|Hariyal or Harial
The state bird of Maharashtra is Yellow-footed Green Pigeon and the scientific name for this species is Treron phoenicoptera. At the same time, it is also called the Yellow-legged Green Pigeon, which is one of the usual species of green pigeon that lives in the Indian Subcontinent. Moreover, it is called Hariyal in the local language of Marathi. Furthermore, this animal eats fruit, including many kinds of Ficus. Moreover, they look for food in groups. People often see them sunbathing on the tops of wood trees in dense forests early in the morning. So, if you want to know which is the state bird of Maharashtra, then you are at the right place.
You might ask why is hariyal the state bird of Maharashtra? Keep in mind, they are found in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Burma, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Thailand, and Indochina. At the same time, found almost everywhere in India, except for Sind, Baluchistan, and parts of the North-West that are desert.
Habit and habitat
They like semi-evergreen forests, deciduous forests, woods, and secondary forests up to 800 metres. Furthermore, they are most often found in Banyan and Peepal trees along roads. Even in towns, he also goes to gardens.
Besides, they also live in many different types of wooded areas, such as dry and wet deciduous forests, secondary growth, scrubland, groves of trees in open country, farmland, villages, overgrown gardens, and roads lined with trees.
At the same time they live in groups. Moreover, they live in small groups or pairs of up to 10 people, but sometimes they live in large groups. Bear in mind, they live in groups in trees and rarely come down to the ground.
The Maharashtra bird flight is loud, fast, strong, and straight, and the call is a series of about ten beautiful, mellow, musical whistles. So, these whistles are usually the first sign that they are in an area.
Green pigeons with yellow feet eat plants. Thus, they eat different kinds of fruits, berries, and plants. In addition, they also eat buds, young shoots, and different grains.
At the same time, they look for food in groups. In dense forests, you can sight them in the early morning on the tops of trees that are just starting to grow. When they need to rest, they often sit in pairs or small groups on the top branches of a tall tree.
Identification of State Bird of Maharashtra
The wildlife (Protection) act of 1972 lists the yellow-footed green pigeon as a Schedule IV bird, and the IUCN lists it as Least Concern (LC). Besides, many conservation efforts are happening for the national bird of Maharashtra, the yellow-footed green pigeon.
Yellow-footed green pigeons are very pretty birds. Moreover, the green pigeon with yellow feet is between 29 and 33 cm long. The tail is between 8 and 10 cm long. Adults weigh between 225 and 260 g. Their wing span is between 17 and 19 cm.
They have a body that is yellowish olive green and a crown that is blue-grey. Often, the forehead and lores were tinged with pale olive green. Besides, they have a lilac patch on their shoulders and a yellow bar in the middle of their blackish wings that stands out.
Other features of this Maharashtra Bird
The neck is a dark olive-yellow with a greenish tint. Moreover, there is a mauve patch on the shoulder, and the wing coverts have bright yellow fringes.
The mantle and scapulars are a dull grey-green colour, and the mantle has a clear blue-grey band along the top. At the same time, the legs and lower belly are a bright sulphur-yellow, while the flanks are a dull green. Moreover, the legs of this species are always bright yellow.
The hariyal state bird of Maharashtra has smaller coverts which are green. At the same time, the ones near the end of the wing are mauve. The middle and larger coverts are grey with a hint of olive, and the edges of the outer webs at the top are a pale yellow. Greater on the outside hides blackish.
Furthermore, the Maharashtra state bird base tail is grey with a hint of olive, especially on the central feathers. At the same time, the bar at the end of the upper tail is wide and dark grey. Under tail is black at the base and half ashy grey at the top. Under the wing, the leading edge is pale grey with a hint of olive.
Iris has a pink-red outer ring, a pale blue inner ring, and a silver-grey bill with a light green colour. So, a little less interesting than males, the adult female looks a lot like the adult male, but she is usually duller and has a smaller mauve shoulder patch.
Juveniles are paler and less bright than adults and don’t have or almost don’t have the mauve shoulder patch.
Here are some Marathi characteristics of the state bird of Maharashtra in Marathi. There are a number of birds in our area who solely live in the trees, and this Green Pigeon is no exception. Although it prefers open places, it can sometimes be present in woodlands. In addition, it is frequently present near towns and villages, and it infests gardens as well. To acquire a fig or a berry, birds typically hang upside down from the limbs of fruit trees.
These fruit-eating birds often congregate in large flocks on banyan and peepal trees alongside myna, hornbill, bulbul, and other fruit-eating birds to feed on ripe figs. When you come close to a tree, the green pigeons halt their flight. As a final bonus, the birds’ feathers blend in so perfectly with the leaves around them that, despite their size, the birds are nearly impossible to spot until a leaf moves here or there.
A banyan tree loaded with figs can produce surprising numbers of figs when there is a lot of noise around. As a result, this Maharashtra bird flock will disperse to another adjacent tree and return to the feast in tiny groups of twos, threes, and so on. Furthermore, until the leaves are once again swarming with green pigeons desperate to make up for lost time.
During the day, the national bird of Maharashtra moves from fruiting tree to fruiting tree, stopping to rest on the highest branches of a dry or leafless tree. They eat only fruits and berries, mostly wild figs, but they also eat buds and shoots. They make pleasant, soft, and mellow whistling sounds, often the first sign that they are in the area. The flight is loud, fast, powerful, and straight.
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Reproduction and breeding
From March to June, the birds have their young. During courtship, the male puffs out his breast and throat, lowers his wings, fluffs up his feathers, and then solemnly prances up and down the branch, bowing his head and whistling softly as he goes to and from the female. Moreover, the female will sometimes respond with a similar but less intense display. Let’s discuss the state bird of Maharashtra in Marathi nesting behaviour now.
The nest is a small consisting of twigs in a tree or bush. Eggs are white and shiny. The time it takes to hatch is between 13 and 15 days. Moreover, both the sexes are responsible for making the nest.
How big is a yellow footed green pigeon?
This pigeon is 33 cm long, has greenish-yellow feathers, and blackish wings with yellow edges. On the shoulder, there is a small lilac patch.
What is the weight of yellow-footed green pigeon?
So far, you know that the official state bird of Maharashtra is a yellow-footed green pigeon. The green pigeon with yellow feet is between 29 and 33 cm long. The tail is between 8 and 10 cm long. Adults weigh between 225 and 260 g. Their wing span is between 17 and 19 cm.
Is yellow footed green pigeon rare?
The yellow-footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus), also called the yellow-legged green pigeon, is a common species of green pigeon that lives in the Indian Subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. It is the state bird of Maharashtra. It is called Haroli or Hariyal in Marathi.
What is the weight of green pigeon?
The yellow-footed green pigeon has a medium size that is between 25 and 30 cm (9.8–11.8 in) long and weighs between 105 and 160 g (3.7–5.6 oz). The species has different feathers for men and women. The male’s neck, head, and upper breast are grey, while the rest of the breast is orange.
What eats yellow-footed green pigeons?
The Maharashtra bird-Yellow-footed Green Pigeon, is very slow. In the early morning, it often eats wild figs while basking in the sun on top of a young tree. It spends almost all of its time in trees and is rarely present on the ground. It has strong feet that have adaptations for climbing.
Where is yellow-footed green pigeon found?
The Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera), also called the Yellow-legged Green Pigeon, is a common species of green pigeon that lives in the Indian Subcontinent. It is the state bird of Maharashtra.
What food does green pigeon eat?
The Harayat bird eats different kinds of fruit, nuts, and/or seeds. They live in trees and have many different homes in forest areas. There are species in this genus with long tails, medium-length tails, and tails that look like wedges.
Is yellow footed green pigeon endangered?
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has put this Maharashtra bird species and put it on a list as “Least Concern,” which means it is not in danger. The yellow-footed green pigeon is not on the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) list (Treron phoenicopterus).
What can I feed to baby green pigeon?
Pigeon chicks need to get enough food, which is mostly crop milk. But you can try other things, like ready-made bird food, the special recipe with MAC milk, or infant cereal that doesn’t contain milk. Make sure the food is soft and still warm.
Where is Hariyal found in Maharashtra?
The bird is a native species that only lives in the Melghat tiger reserve and the Toranmal reserve forest in Amravati. The state bird of Maharashtra is the Hariyal, which is a green pigeon.
Parvaiz Yousuf is a senior SEO writer and editor with an experience of over 6 years, who also doubles up as a researcher. With an MSc zoology degree under his belt and possessing complete Search Engine Optimization (SEO) knowledge, he works as a science journalist for a US-based website and Asian Scientist (A Singapore-based magazine). He also works as Director of Wetland Research Centre, Wildlife Conservation Fund YPJK since 2018. Besides, he has several publications to his name on cancer biology and biochemistry in some reputed journals such as Nature & International Journal of Molecular Sciences, & magazines such as Science Reporter, BUCEROS BNHS, and has an abiding interest in ornithology. He also worked as a Research Associate for JK Policy Institute.