This article is about national parks in India. India has a lot of different kinds of wildlife. We have many different kinds of plants and animals. Under the Indohimalayan ecozone, there are about 6.2% reptile species, 7.6% mammal species, 6% flowering plant species, and 12.6% bird species. From the tropical rainforest, the Western Ghats, and Northeast India to the coniferous forests in the Himalayas, there are many different kinds of forests in India.
National Parks in India
A national park is a protected area where people can’t go. Its goal is to improve wildlife and biodiversity. Activities like building, logging, poaching, hunting, and grazing on crops are illegal in National Parks and are considered crimes that can get you in trouble. India’s government can make an area a national park if it has enough ecological, geological, and natural importance.
There are more than a hundred national parks in India that are known all over the world. The IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) has put all of these national parks in the second type of protected area. Each state has at least one national park that shows off the beautiful plants and animals that live there. We’re giving you a list of the most important National Parks because it’s an important part of Static GK that could be on any of your upcoming tests.
How many National Parks in India are there? A Complete List.
According to a survey done in December 2020, India has 106 national parks that cover a total area of 44,378 KM2. This is 1.35 percent of the land area of the country. The Protected Area Network Report suggests 75 more National Parks with a total area of 16,608 km2. When everything is done, there will be 176 more parks in the network. So, the total national park in India is 106 right now.
|S.No.||Name of State/ Protected Area||Year||Area (km2)|
|1||Campbell Bay NP||1992||426.23|
|2||Galathea Bay NP||1992||110|
|3||Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP||1983||281.5|
|4||Middle Button Island NP||1987||0.44|
|5||Mount Harriett NP||1987||46.62|
|6||North Button Island NP||1987||0.44|
|7||Rani Jhansi Marine NP||1996||256.14|
|8||Saddle Peak NP||1987||32.54|
|9||South Button Island NP||1987||0.03|
|11||Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP||2005||2.4|
|12||Sri Venkateswara NP||1989||353.6|
|19||Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP||1999||78.81|
|21||Dihing Patkai NP||2021||234|
|23||Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP||1981||1440.7|
|24||Indravati (Kutru) NP||1982||1258.4|
|25||Kanger Valley NP||1982||200|
|28||Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP||1976||34.53|
|30||Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP||1982||162.89|
|33||Great Himalayan NP||1984||754.4|
|36||Pin Valley NP||1987||675|
|38||City Forest (Salim Ali) NP (J&K)||1992||9|
|39||Dachigam NP (J&K)||1981||141|
|40||Hemis NP (Ladakh)||1981||3350|
|41||Kishtwar NP (J&K)||1981||425|
|47||Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP||1988||643.39|
|48||Anamudi Shola NP||2003||7.5|
|50||Mathikettan Shola NP||2003||12.82|
|51||Pambadum Shola NP||2003||1.318|
|53||Silent Valley NP||1984||89.52|
|55||Dinosaur Fossils NP||2011||0.8974|
|57||Indira Priyadarshini Pench NP||1975||292.85|
|63||Van Vihar NP||1979||4.45|
|67||Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NP||1975||257.26|
|68||Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NP||1983||86.96|
|70||Keibul-Lamjao NP (in Loktak Lake)||1977||40|
|72||Nokrek Ridge NP||1986||47.48|
|74||Phawngpui Blue Mountain NP||1992||50|
|79||Keoladeo Ghana NP||1981||28.73|
|80||Mukundra Hills NP||2006||200.54|
|85||Gulf of Mannar Marine NP||1980||6.23|
|86||Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NP||1989||117.1|
|89||Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP||1994||1.43|
|90||Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP||1994||14.59|
|92||Clouded Leopard NP||2007||5.08|
|93||Bison (Rajbari) NP||2007||31.63|
|98||Nanda Devi NP||1982||624.6|
|100||Valley of Flowers NP||1982||87.5|
|104||Neora Valley NP||1986||159.89|
Largest National Park in India
Here is a list of India’s top 10 biggest national parks, in order from biggest to smallest. The area of the national parks can be found in the table below.
- Hemis National Park [Area (km Square): 4,400.0]
- Desert National Park [Area (km Square): 3,162.0]
- Gangotri National Park [Area (km Square): 2,390.0]
- Namdapha National Park [Area (km Square): 1,985.2]
- Khangchendzonga National Park [Area (km Square): 1,784.0]
- Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park [ Area (km Square): 1,440.7]
- Gir Forest National Park [Area (km Square): 1,412.0]
- Sundarbans National Park [Area (km Square): 1,330.1]
- Jim Corbett National Park [Area (km Square): 1,318.5]
- Indravati National Park [Area (km Square): 1,258.4]
How Many National Park In India?
India has 106 national parks that cover a total area of 44,372.42 km2. This is 1.35 percent of the country’s total land area. So, you should remember it is while someone asks you how many national parks are there in India.
Which Is The First National Park In India?
The first national park in India is Jim Corbett National Park, which was set up in 1936. It is present in the Uttarakhand state of India.
Which Is The Largest National Park In India?
The largest national park in India is Hemis National Park. Hemis National Park is in the eastern Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir. It is at a high altitude and has a large area. The park was set up in 1981, and it covers a total area of 3,350 sq km.
Which Is The Oldest National Park In India?
Jim Corbett National Park is the right answer. In August 1936, the Jim Corbett National Park was set up in Nainital, Uttarakhand. It was India’s first national park.
Parvaiz Yousuf is a senior SEO writer and editor with an experience of over 6 years, who also doubles up as a researcher. With an MSc zoology degree under his belt and possessing complete Search Engine Optimization (SEO) knowledge, he works as a science journalist for a US-based website and Asian Scientist (A Singapore-based magazine). He also works as Director of Wetland Research Centre, Wildlife Conservation Fund YPJK since 2018. Besides, he has several publications to his name on cancer biology and biochemistry in some reputed journals such as Nature & International Journal of Molecular Sciences, & magazines such as Science Reporter, BUCEROS BNHS, and has an abiding interest in ornithology. He also worked as a Research Associate for JK Policy Institute.