Hailey National Park (Now Jim Corbett National Park) was set up on August 8, 1936. It was named after Sir Malcolm Hailey, who was the Governor of the United Provinces of British India at the time. At first, the reserve area was about 324 square kilometers in size. The British government was thinking about making a game reserve as early as 1907. However, it wasn’t until 1936, with the help of former hunter and now conservationist Jim Corbett, that the idea became a reality.
It is also the first park of its kind in Asia. Soon after the park was built, hunting, killing, killing, or catching mammals, reptiles, or birds became illegal. In 1954 and 1955, it got the name Ramganga National Park. In 1955 and 1956, it got the name, Corbett National Park. Parts of the park were in the princely state of Tehri Garhwal. The British then took over, and it is now a part of the state of Uttarakhand. The park is now run by the government of the state of Uttarakhand.
Facts About Jim Corbett National Park
- So, where is Jim Corbett National Park? The Jim Corbett National Park is situated in Uttarakhand. The Jim Corbett national park is located in the foothills of the Himalayas; Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand is India’s oldest national park.
- In 1973, when the Indian government came with the Project Tiger, the park became a part of it.
- The reserve is currently 1,318.54 square kilometers (509.09 square miles) in size. It has a core area of 520 square kilometers (200 square miles) and a buffer area of 797.72 square kilometers (308 square miles). The area in the middle is the Jim Corbett National Park, which is made up of reserve forests (496.54 square kilometers or 191.72 square miles) and the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (301.18 square kilometers or 116.29 square miles).
- Between the Siwalik Himalayas and the Terai is where the reserve is.
- The Royal Bengal tigers and Asian elephants in the Jim Corbett National Park are what makes it famous.
- It is one of the best places in India to see birds because it has more than 586 birds living there or passing through. The area is now an “Important Bird Area” by Birdlife International.
- The Corbett National park has six ecotourism zones: Dhikala, Bijrani, Jhirna, Sonanadi, Durgadevi, and Dhela.
- The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) takes care of the national park as part of their Terai Arc Landscape Program.
- This program is meant to protect three of the five flagship species: the Bengal tiger, the Asiatic elephant, and the Great one-horned rhinoceros.
- There are ridges, streams, plateaus, ravines, grasslands, deciduous forests, and pine forests in the park, among other things.
- There are 488 different kinds of plants in the park.
- The park also has a lot of birds that come and go.
- It has 25 different kinds of reptiles, like the Indian python. There are also seven types of amphibians in the park, such as crocodiles and gharials.
- Leopards can also be found in Corbett, along with tigers. There are also Himalayan black bears, langurs, rhesus macaques, otters, sloths, chitals, barking deer, spotted deer, sambar deer, sambar deer, sambar deer, barking deer, sambar deer, sloths, chitals, Sloth.
Flora in Jim Corbett National Park
The plants in national parks are unique. There is freshwater flora and alpine flora. Some of the most important alpine plants are Sal forests, Chaurs, Khair-Sissoo forests, and many others. On the other hand, the river plants have their own unique order. In the Jim Corbett National Park, there are more than 600 different kinds of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboos, grasses, climbers, and ferns.
Sal, Sissoo, and Khair are three trees that you can find all over Corbett. Many other species that add to the variety of this place can be found all over the Jim Corbett National park. Pine (Chir) is the only conifer that grows in the park. It grows on ridgetops like ChinChoti, but there aren’t many of them at Gajar Sot. On the higher ground near Kanda, it is easy to see Banj Oak, which is a true Himalayan species. Date palms are well-known palm species that grow in open, well-lit areas. In the wet places, you can find Kanju (Holopteliaintegrifolia), Jamun (Syzygiumcumini), and Aamla (Emblica Officinalis). Bel, Kusum, Mahua, and Bakli are some of the other types of trees.
Jim Corbett gets its color from the flowering trees, such as the Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata) with pink and white flowers, the Semal (Bombax ceiba) with big red blooms, the Dhak (Butea monosperma) or Flame-of-the-forest with bright orange flowers, the Madaar (Erythrina Indica) or Indian Coral with bright red flowers, and the Amaltas (Cassia fi
Trees like Teak (Tectona grandis), Eucalyptus, Jacaranda, Silver Oak, and Bottlebrush are there because of plantation by humans.
In Jim Corbett National Park, more than 70 grass species reside in different areas, especially the Chaurs. Some of the species are Kansi, Themeda Arundinacea, Baib or Bhabar, Narkul, Tiger Grass, Khus Khus, and Spear Grass, all of which have sharp blades that stick to clothes and make it easy to get into the skin.
Male Bamboo is a type of bamboo that is very common in the Jim Corbett area. The tree has a group of thick, broad stems that occur in shiny, papery sheaths. All bamboo trees bloom simultaneously, and after they bloom, make fruit, and spread their seeds, they all get quietus.
Ber is found in areas with a lot of light and is mostly made up of shrubs that grow in the Jim Corbett National Park. Jim Corbett National Park also has a shrub called Maror Phali, which stands out quite a bit. It has fruits that look like pods that twist and turn. Karaunda is a bush with pinkish-white flowers and sour fruit. It grows under Sal and is easy to spot. Hisar shows yellow, juicy fruits that look like berries and are a favorite for animals. On the other hand, there are a lot of Jhau plants along the Ramganga basin. These plants grow in sandy or rocky soil.
Fauna in Jim Corbett National Park
So, again where is Jim Corbett National Park located? Or where is Jim Corbett national park situated? It is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand, India. The Royal Bengal Tiger is a well-known animal living in Jim Corbett. On April 1, 1973, India came to a program to protect tigers in the forests of Jim Corbett. There was a time when the Terai-Bhabar region was under the rule of many man-eating tigers. But since the number of tigers has been decreasing, attacks on tigers aren’t as common as in the past. Tourists might see adult tigers wandering alone, but they might see tigresses with their young cubs.
Leopards are easy to find in areas with hills, but they can also be seen in jungles with lowlands. The Jungle Cat, the Fishing Cat, and the Leopard Cat are all small-sized cats. Other mammals that live in Jim Corbett National Park are Barking, Sambhar, Hogg, and Chital deer, Sloth bears, Himalayan Black bears, Indian Grey Mongoose, otters, and Elephants, Yellow-throated Martens, Ghoral (Goat-Antelopes), Indian Pangolins, Langur, and Rhesus Monkeys. At night, tourists can also see owls and nightjars. In Jim Corbett Park, you could also see local crocodiles along the banks of the Ram Ganga River and Indian Pythons, King Cobras, and Common Cobras.
The climate of Jim Corbett national park
Unlike most areas in India, the weather in the park is not too hot or too cold. During the winter, the temperature can range from 5°C (41°F) to 30°C (86°F), and some mornings are foggy. Temperatures don’t usually go above 40 °C (104 °F) in the summer.
Jim Corbett national park booking
You can book your ticket for the Jim Corbett national park here.
How To Reach Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett’s closest train station is Ramnagar, which has links to major cities like Delhi, Haridwar, Lucknow, and Varanasi. Even though there is only one train from Delhi, it stops at several places along the way. Taking a train to Muradabad and changing to one that goes to Ramnagar would be easier. Or, you could take the Ranikhet Express, which goes from Delhi to Kathgodam every day overnight, and then take a taxi or bus for about an hour and a half to get to Ramnagar. Some other popular trains that run every day are the Uttar Sampark Kranti Express, the Varanasi-Dehradun Janta Express, the Lucknow Mail, the Doon Express, and the Delhi-Bareilly Passenger Slip.
This is not the best way to go to get to Corbett. But if you are coming from another part of the country, Patanagar airport, which is about 50 kilometers from the town, is the closest domestic airport. You can hire a taxi from here, but the price will vary from vendor to vendor. The closest international airport is the IGI airport in New Delhi, which is about 235 km away and has good connections to cities all over the world.
From New Delhi, you can drive to Corbett by going through Noida, Hapur, Muradabad, Kashipur, and then Ramnagar. If you move from Delhi, you should know that the trip takes between 6 and 8 hours.
Buses make it easy to get to Corbett from Ramnagar. There are buses that go to and from Ramnagar every day from Delhi, Haridwar, and Nainital. You can take a regular bus, a semi-deluxe bus, or a deluxe bus. The price will depend on the type of bus and how far it goes.
FAQs: Jim Corbett National Park
What Was Jim Corbett Famous For?
Jim Corbett was a well-known naturalist and hunter. Corbett is India’s most famous hunter because he killed a number of man-eating tigers and leopards.
What Is The Best Time To Visit Jim Corbett?
The best time to go to the Jim Corbett National Park is from December to March. The temperature drops to 5 °C, which is pretty cool. The weather is perfect for people visiting the Corbett National park and the wildlife living there. During the winter, especially in the morning, your chances of seeing a Royal Bengal Tiger are much higher.
Are Tigers Visible In Jim Corbett?
Yes! You can see tigers in this national park easily.
Parvaiz Yousuf is a senior SEO writer and editor with an experience of over 6 years, who also doubles up as a researcher. With an MSc zoology degree under his belt and possessing complete Search Engine Optimization (SEO) knowledge, he works as a science journalist for a US-based website and Asian Scientist (A Singapore-based magazine). He also works as Director of Wetland Research Centre, Wildlife Conservation Fund YPJK since 2018. Besides, he has several publications to his name on cancer biology and biochemistry in some reputed journals such as Nature & International Journal of Molecular Sciences, & magazines such as Science Reporter, BUCEROS BNHS, and has an abiding interest in ornithology. He also worked as a Research Associate for JK Policy Institute.