Kanha National Park, also called Kanha Kisli National Park, is one of India’s tiger reserves and the state of Madhya Pradesh’s largest national Park. The now Kanha area is split into two protected areas called Hallon and Banjar. Hallon is 250 km2 (97 sq mi), and Banjar is 300 km2 (116 sq mi). Kanha National Park was created on June 1, 1955, and a tiger reserve was put there in 1973. So, where is Kanha national park located? Kanha National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh, India. It now covers 940 km2 (360 sq mi) in the two districts of Mandla and Balaghat.
Furthermore, it makes up the Kanha National Park, which is one of the largest in the country, along with a buffer zone of 1,067 km2 (412 sq mi) and the nearby 110 km2 (42 sq mi) Phen Sanctuary.
It is the biggest national Park in the middle of India because of this. Bear in mind that the Bengal tiger, the Indian leopard, the sloth bear, the Barasingha, and the dhole all live in the Park. It is also India’s first official tiger reserve to have a mascot. Bhoorsingh the Barasingha is the name of the mascot.
Things To Know About Kanha National Park
- It is in the Maikal Range of the Satpuras and stretches across the two districts of Mandla and Balaghat in the state of MP.
- Moreover, It is known all over the world as one of the best wildlife reserves because it saved the Barasingha from going extinct.
- The Park was named the Reserve Forest in 1879.
- It was called the wildlife sanctuary in 1952.
- Moreover, the Park became known as the National Park in 1955.
- The official website says that the Kanha National Park covers a total area of 1945 sq km.
- “The Jungle Book” by Rudyard Kipling is said to be based on the Kanha National Park.
- The most popular place for tourists to go to Kanha Kesari Tiger Reserve is “Bammi Dadar,” where the sun sets.
- The famous Gonda and Baigas tribes were the first people to live in the forest.
- The Tiger Reserve is one of the most important places in the country for tigers to live.
Brief History of Kanha National Park
In the 1930s, Kanha kisli National Park was split into two separate areas called “sanctuaries.” These areas were called “Hallon” and “Banjar.” As we’ve already said, the Park wasn’t called a national park until 1955. The Kanha National Park is made up of the Park’s buffer zones and the Phen sanctuary, which is near the Park.
Wildlife in Kanha National Park/Tiger Reserve
In Kanha National Park, you can see a large number of the following:
- Indian wild dog
- Royal Bengal Tiger
- Sloth bear
Flora of Kanha National Park/National Park
- Highland forest – Tropical moist deciduous forest.
- Lowland forest – Sal, mixed trees and meadows.
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Kanha National Park Corridor
- The Kanha kisli national park has been a protected area for a long time and has been found to be an important place where tigers come from.
- It has a corridor between the Kanha and Pench Tiger Reserves that is used by wildlife.
- Kanha is also linked to the Chhattisgarh State Achanakmar Tiger Reserve.
- So, now you know where is the Kanha national park? The state of Madhya Pradesh is making an effort to make a generic plan for the Kanha-Pench corridor. The goal is to encourage land use in the corridor that is good for the environment.
- Focus has also been put on helping the people who live in and around the corridor make a living, so they don’t put as much pressure on the forests.
Conservation of Kanha National Park
After 1947, the number of tigers in the area went down, so in 1952, the area was made an absolute sanctuary. Kanha National Park was made possible by a special law passed in 1955.
Since then, a number of strict conservation programs have been put in place to protect the Park’s plants and animals. This has helped Kanha earn its reputation as one of the best-run National Parks in Asia. Moreover, this Park has the same amount of wildlife as it did in the past. Furthermore, it is the heart of the Kanha National Park, which was created in 1974 as part of “Project Tiger” to protect the ecosystem and keep the tiger alive.
Flora of Kanha National Park
There are more than 1000 kinds of flowering plants in Kanha Tiger Reserve. The lowland forest comprises meadows, trees like sal (Shorea robusta), and other mixed-forest trees. The bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) on the slopes is not at all like the bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) in the highlands, which are tropical moist, dry deciduous forests. In the dense forest, you can also see the well-known Indian ghost tree (Davidia involucrata).
So, you must be thinking about where is Kanha national park situated. Is it situated in Madhya Pradesh? Moreover, the Kanha national park is famous for the Bengal tiger, the Indian leopard, the dhole, the sloth bear, the Bengal fox, and the Indian jackal, which all live in the Kanha National Park. The Barasingha is used to living in swamps. The gaur lives in the Park’s meadows and watering holes. Blackbucks are now very hard to find.
Around 300 types of birds live in reserve. Moreover, the most common birds to see are the black ibis, Asian green bee-eater, cattle egret, blossom-headed parakeet, Indian pond heron, drongo, common teal, crested serpent eagle, Indian grey hornbill, Indian roller, lesser adjutant, little grebe, lesser whistling teal, minivet, Malabar pied hornbill, woodpeckers,
Reintroduction Of Barasingha In Kanha National Park
The Barasingha are being brought back to this National Park as part of an exciting conservation effort. Moreover, the gaur moves to Bandhavgarh, and some of the Barasingha will move to Satpura Tiger Reserve. This project aims to move about 500 barasinghas from one place to another in this national Park. There is also a plan to catch and move about 20 tigers to Satpura Tiger Reserve.
Tiger Conservation And The Baiga Tribe In KNP
The Kanha national park resorts are very famous places to visit. The Baiga are a semi-nomadic tribe from central India that lives off the forest. Until 1968, they lived in 28 villages that were inside the Kanha National Park. The animals were moved as part of a plan to protect vital tiger habitats. Besides, they were moved to barren land, where they now drink too much and don’t eat enough. They beg to support themselves.
Moreover, the last village that had to be moved to make room for tigers is in the core zone of the Kanha National Park. The area is where the Gond and Baiga tribes came from. Survival International says that in January 2010, the government kicked out the Baiga tribe from the Park without giving them fair compensation.
WWF-India has worked to maintain and restore tiger habitats by making corridors for the tigers and their prey. Moreover, this has helped keep the tiger population stable. Furthermore, this includes trying to keep people from losing their lives or property, being too dependent on the forest, and killing tigers in retaliation when people have lost something.
But Kanha’s frontline staff continue to get help, training, and equipment from WWF even as they move 22,000 people out of tiger reserves in the area and make them live somewhere else.
FAQ About Kanha National Park
Why Kanha National Park Is Famous?
The Park is home to numerous rare and endangered species, including the Royal Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, sloth bear, Barasingha, and Indian wild dog.
In Which City Kanha National Park?
June 1, 1955, saw the establishment of Kanha National Park, which in 1973 was given the status of a tiger reserve. Today, it spreads about 940 km2 (360 sq mi) throughout the districts of Mandla and Balaghat.
What Is The Best Time To Visit Kanha?
The greatest time to visit Kanha National Park to see tigers is in April and May, although many people find the extreme heat unbearable. The months of November through March are the most pleasant, with warmer weather and greener foliage.
Which State Has The Highest Tiger Population?
Madhya Pradesh has more than 408 big cats and 526 tigers that are between 1 and 1.5 years old.
Which National Park Has The Highest Population Of Tigers?
Corbett National Park still has the most tigers of any other place in the world.