Manas National Park: All Information at One Place!

Manas National Park
Manas National Park

Manas National Park in Assam is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site, a tiger and elephant reserve, and a biosphere reserve. It is a safe place for many rare and endangered species. The River Manas, which flows through the reserve and is the largest tributary of the Brahmaputra River, gives the park its name. The national park covers 950 square kilometers and shares a border with Bhutan’s Royal Manas National Park. It is also home to animals like the Assam roofed turtle, the hispid hare, the golden langur, and the pygmy hog.

So, where is Manas national park? Or where is Manas National Park located? The wildlife reserve is in Chirang, Darrang, Kokrajhar, Udalguri, and Baska districts of the Assam districts. It has three ranges: Bansbari (Central), Panbari (Western), and Bhuiapara (Eastern). Manas National Park has a cool conservation park, and if you want to see wildlife in India, you should definitely go there.

History of Manas National Park

Before 1928, Manas National Park has a name of Manas R.F. and North Kamrup R.F., and it was a reserve forest. On October 1, 1928, 360 square kilometers of the park were set aside as a wildlife sanctuary. Between 1951 and 1955, the forest area grew to 391 km2, and in 1973, the Manas Biosphere Reserve was set up. In 1985, UNESCO gave it the status of Natural World Heritage Site.

Later in 1990, Kahitama R.F. and the Panbari R.F. were also added to make Manas National Park. But in 1992, UNESCO said that poaching and terrorist activities made the park a “World Heritage Site in Danger.” In 2008, 950 km2 was added to the park, making it bigger. Manas National Park was taken off UNESCO’s list of “World Heritage Sites in Danger” in 2011 because it has good protection.

What Does Manas National Park Look Like?

There are three different parts to the park. The western range is present in Panbari, the middle range at Bansbari near Barpeta Road, and the eastern range at Bhuiyapara near Pathsala. The ranges aren’t well connected. You must cross two big rivers to get from the center to the Panbari. However, the Daimari Road connects the center to the eastern range. Most tourists go to Bansbari and then spend some time in the forest at Mathanguri on the Manas River near the border with Bhutan.

So, Manas National Park, in which state? Manas is in the Eastern Himalayas’ foothills and has many trees. The main river in the park is the Manas River, which flows through the west of the park. It is a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River. When it gets to the plains, it splits into two separate rivers, the Bwrsi and the Bholkaduba.

Five smaller rivers also flow through the national park on a wider, low-lying alluvial terrace below the outer Himalayas foothills. India and Bhutan are separated by a border that runs along the Manas National Park River. In the north of the park, where there is a savanna, the bedrock is made up of limestone and sandstone. In the south, where there are grasslands, there are deep deposits of fine alluvium.

Because of the Sub-Himalayan Bhabar Terai formation and the riverine succession that goes all the way up to the Sub- Himalayan Mountain Forest. Moreover, it is one of the most diverse places on Earth. The park covers an area of 950 square kilometers (370 square miles) and is 61–110 meters (200–361 feet) above mean sea level.

Climate of Manas National Park

The coldest it gets is about 15 °C (59 °F), and the hottest it gets is about 37 °C (99 °F).

Between May and September, it rains a lot. About 333 centimeters (131 inches) of rainfall on average each year. During these months, Manas National Park resort is the best place to live at.


Flora In Manas National Park

So, thinking about what is Manas National Park famous for? The Sub-Himalayan Bhabar Terai and the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests make Manas National Park one of the places in India with the most different kinds of plants and animals. About 543 different kinds of plants have been found in the park’s center.

 Manas National Park Assam has four types of plants: Sub-Himalayan Light Alluvial Semi-Evergreen forests (in the north), Low Alluvial Savanna Woodland, East Himalayan mixed Moist and Dry Deciduous forests, and Assam Valley Semi-Evergreen Alluvial Grasslands.

Tree species in MNP

  • Mallotus philippensis
  • Syzygium Oblatum
  • Careya Arborea
  • Terminalia Chebula
  • Lagerstroemia Speciosa
  • Terminalia bellirica
  • Gmelina Arborea
  • Bridelia SPP
  • Actinodaphne Obvata
  • Bombax Ceiba
  • Sterculia Villosa
  • Trewia Polycarpa
  • Dillenia Indica
  • Dillenia Pentagyna
  • Lagerstroemia Parviflora
  • Anthocephalus Chinensis
  • Aphanamixis Polystachya
  • Syzygium Formosum
  • Syzygium Cumini
  • Cinnamomum Tamala
  • Bauhinia Purpurea
  • Oroxylum Indicum

Fauna in Manas National Park

A lot of animals and birds live together in the park, which has a lot of wildlife. Records show that Manas National Park in India map is home to about 450 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles, 55 species of mammals, and a few species of amphibians. Rare animals like the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur, and pygmy hog live in the park. It is also home to most Bengal floricans, which are more endangered birds than any other place in the world.

Major Animal Species in Manas National Park

  • Golden Langurs
  • Assamese Macaques
  • Slow Loris
  • Hoolock Gibbons
  • Indian Tigers
  • Clouded Leopards
  • Asian golden cat
  • Capped Langurs
  • Smooth-coated Otters
  • Sloth Bears
  • Barking Deer
  • Hog Deer
  • Asian Elephants
  • Indian Rhinoceros
  • Gaurs
  • Asian Water Buffaloes
  • Barasingha
  • Black Panther
  • Herd of Deer

Species of Birds Include:

  • Grey Hornbills
  • Mergansers
  • Harriers
  • Ospreys
  • Herons
  • Bengal Florican
  • Giant Hornbills
  • Jungle Fowls
  • Fishing Eagles
  • Serpent Eagles
  • Falcons
  • Scarlet Minivets
  • Bee-Eaters
  • Bulbuls
  • Brahminy Ducks
  • Kalij Pheasants
  • Egrets
  • Pelicans
  • Magpie Robins
  • Pied Hornbills


What Is the Best Time to Visit Manas National Park?

Manas is a nice place to visit in both summer and winter. Every year, the park is open from October to May. During the monsoon, which lasts from June to September or sometimes until the middle of October, the park is closed because it rains a lot and floods in Assam every year.

What Is Manas National Park Famous For?

The Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur, and pygmy hog are some rare and endangered animals in the park. Manas is known for the wild water buffalo that live there.

Which Animal Manas National Park Is Famous For?

Rare and endangered animals, like the tiger, the greater one-horned rhino, the swamp deer, the pygmy hog, and the Bengal florican, need this site to live and thrive.

In Which State Is Manas Tiger Reserve?

Manas National Park is a national park in the Indian state of Assam. It is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve, and a biosphere reserve.

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